In normal weather your body produces perspiration that evaporates and cools the body. However, in extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body must work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature.
Most heat disorders occur because the victim has been overexposed to heat or has over-exercised for his or her age and physical condition. Older adults, young children and those who are sick or overweight are more likely to succumb to extreme heat. Extreme hear and high humidity can be dangerous if you do not take the proper precautions.
Before a Heat Emergency:
- Install air conditioners and insulating, if possible.
- Close any floor heat registers and use a fan to spread cool air.
- Cover windows that receive morning or afternoon sun with drapes, shades, awnings or louvers.
During a Heat Emergency:
- Avoid strenuous activity. Limit your outdoor activities.
- Wear lightweight, loose-fitting, light-colored clothing, and a hat with a brim.
- Drink plenty of water regularly and often, even if you do not feel thirsty.
- Limit intake of alcohol, which can dehydrate your body.
- Eat well-balanced, light, regular meals. Avoid high protein foods that increase metabolic heat.
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- If you do not have air conditioning, stay on your lowest floor, out of the sun. If possible, go to a place where you can get relief from the heat, such as air conditioned schools, libraries, theaters and other community facilities.
- Avoid too much sunshine and wear sunscreen to prevent sunburn
- Never leave children or pets alone in a closed vehicle.
- Check on family, friends and neighbors.